Euthanasia as respect to sentient beings
Is euthanasia (assisted suicide) ever justifiable?
Do you agree that in some cases active euthanasia is better than passive euthanasia? Why or why not?
I consider euthanasia to be a very delicate topic. At first glance, I agree with euthanasia, although, on closer inspection, many factors must be considered before putting it into practice. From an ethical stance, a life worthliving implies the lowest level os suffering and the pursuit and attaiment of pleasure (not at cost of other suffering). I’m very dubious about how desirable a painful life could be to a sintient being. Furthermore, there are people who vehemently defend life (a whatever form: a vegetative state or fetus existence). But their concept of life doesn’t embrace the sutle differences of setient states that the world demonstrates to us. It is not the same to be a healthy adult, a defenceless baby or have a handicapped body. In my opinion, euthanasia could be applied to adult whouse health is ruined and who voluntary and consciously take the decision to not live anymore. This is called active euthanasia. However, this decision must be taken with the least emotions and external infuences possilbe. But in reality, this detached state is hard to achieve, since disabled patients or those without any chance to recovery are, as one should expect, deeply depressed.
What about passive euthanasia?
From a utilitarianistan point of view, just as I pointed out above, passive aeuthanasia must be considered within the same suffreing / pleasure scheme. Certainly, the pro-life movemente (often represented by the Church and right wing members of society) regard this doubly unaccpetable because it’s impossible to obtain the consent of the implicated person. In this case, I think, if the damage doesn’t allow a person use of motor or psychological funtcions (that a healthy average person must have) and it’s possible that the person still feels pain (though be unable to express it sure so terrible as babies or mute persons undergo), euthanasia could be appied. Suffering has taken the place of life in the ethical consideration. Obviously, the procedure needs to be accompaninied by appropied laws to protect doctors and patient relatives from punishment.